高考英语常考短语100条

时间:2019-10-13 12:00:01 来源:新华科技网 当前位置:大学英语天地 > NBA > 手机阅读

短语的作用丝毫不比单词小,有些单词你可能认识,但是组合成短语就头脑一片空白了。所以,同学们一定要非常重视短语的学习!下面这100条短语是考试中非常常见的,都是由重点单词组成的,并且有相似短语的比较,是同学们备考的好资料!



1-10


1. abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动)


2. have a (the )ability to do sth. = have the ability in doing sth. 有能力做某事


3. to the best of one's ability 尽力


4. be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然......


5. above all 首先,最重要; 

in all 总计;

after all 毕竟; 终究


6. at home and abroad 在国内外;

go abroad 出国


7. in sb.'s absence = in the absence of 某人不在时; 

be absent from 缺席


8. be absorbed in 全神贯注于


9. access to 接近;进入


10. by accident= by chance 偶然 ; 

by mistake 错误地


11-20


11. be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误


12. be accompanied by 附有;伴随


13. according to 根据......(后面不接view,opinion…)


14. collect accounts 收账; 

open an account 开账户; 

keep accounts 记账 ; 

account for 说明; 

give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; 

on account of=because of 因为


15. accuse sb. of… 控告某人; 

charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; 

blame sb. for sth. 责备某人


16. be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(doing sth.)习惯于做某事


17. have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知


18. come (run) across (偶然)碰到 ; 

get sth. across 使人理解;领会


19. act as充当,担任 ;

act out 表演(对话、故事); 

act on(upon) 对......起作用


20 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; 

take action 采取行动


21-30


21 be active in 在......方面积极; 

take an active part in 积极参加;

lead an active life 过着积极的生活


22. adapt oneself to 使自己适应...; 

adapt sth. to 使某物适应...; 

adapt from 根据...改写(改编)


23. add in 包括; 加进去;

add to 增加,加强; 

add…to... 把...加到...上;

add up to 合加起来


24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好...的;上了...瘾的


25 in addition/ in addition to 此外


26 deliver an address to 向...发表演讲; 

giving a closing address 致闭幕词;

an address of welcome 欢迎词


27. admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认


28. in advance=beforehand 提前


29. be of great (no ) advantage to 对...大大有利(毫无裨益); gain(have) an advantage over优于;胜过; 

take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人


30. put an advertisement 登广告


31-40


31. ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议; 

give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何 何干某事提出建议


32. advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出建议;

advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事


33. be afraid of 害怕,担心;

be afraid to do 不敢做某事


34. be after 寻求;追求


35. be against one's proposal 反对某人的意见;

go against nature 违背自然;

stand against the wall 靠墙而立


36. at the age of 在...岁时; 

be under age 未成年


37. agree with sb.( what 从句 ); 

agree with the climate/food 对气候/食物等的适应;

agree on (upon)...就...达成一致意见


38. ahead of ( time) 在...前面;

go ahead 继续;前进


39. aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事; 

in aid of 支持 ;

give sb. first aid 对某人实施急救


40. aim at 瞄准


41-50


41. on the air(用无线电、电视)播送;

in the air 在空中; by air 乘飞机


42. all along 一直;始终 

all over the country(world) 遍及全国(世界);

all alone 单独,独自地;

all but 几乎;差一点


43. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事;

allow doing sth. 允许做某事


44. let alone 更不用说 


45. get along (on) with 在...方面有进展;

take along with 随身携带


46. not only…but also 不仅...而且...


47. make an analysis of 分析


48. in the ancient time 在古代


49. and so on/and so forth 等等


50. be angry about sth.对某事生气;

be angry at sth.因某事生气;

be be angry with sb.生某人的气


51-60


51. annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因...使某人生气


52. one after another 相继


53. answer for 对...负责;

make no answer 不作回答


54. be anxious about ( for) 为...担心;

be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事


55. apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉


56. in appearance 外貌上;

make one's appearance 登台;

by/from all appearances 显然


57. apply…to… 将...应用于...; 

apply for 申请;

apply to 适应于;

apply oneself to 专心致志于 ; 

apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物


58. appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; 

appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间


59. approach to 接近;

make an approach to 对...进行探讨


60. approve of 赞同


61-70


61. argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事;

argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事


62. arm in arm 臂挽臂;

hand in hand 手拉手 ; 

shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩;

take sth. in one's arms 抱;

be armed to the teeth 全副武装


63. arrange for 安排;准备;

arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事;

make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 为...做好准备;安排


64. as a whole 作为总体;

on the whole 总体上


65. as…as one can 尽力;尽可能


66. as to 至于;说到


67. be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧;

be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧


68. ask for sth. 请求;

ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物;

ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事


69. every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面


70. assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事


71-80


71. associate..with… 把...和...联系起来 ; 

in association with … 与...联手


72. be astonished( surprised) at  对...感到惊奇


73. at the latest 最迟


74. e attached to 附属于...,依恋; 

attach sth. to… 把...系在...上


75. attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做...;attempt at sth. 试图获得


76. attend to 关心;照料


77. attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意;hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于;

devote one's attention to 专心于;

turn one's attention to 将注意力转向;

pay attention to 注意


78. one's attitude towards… 某人对...的态度


79. on (the ) average平均; 

above( below) average 平均以上(下)


80. be aware of 意识到,觉察


81-90


81. back and forth 来回地


82. at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;

at the back of 在...后;

lie on one's back 朝天躺着


83. go from bad to worse 每况愈下


84. go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐(错/饿)


85. keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ;

be in the balance 悬而未决


86. ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事;

be under a ban被禁止


87. base sth. on/upon sth. 使...以...为基础; 

be based on 基于;

on…basis=on the basis of 以...为基础


88. battle against 向...开战; 

battle with 与...搏斗;

battle for为...而战


89. because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句)


90. make the bed 整理床铺;

in bed/on the bed 在床上


91-100


91. beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; 

beg for sth. 请求得到 ;

beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事


92. begin with 从...开始


93. on behalf of 代表 ; 

on sb.'s behalf 代表某人


94. believe in 信任


95. belong to (无被动语态) 属于


96. beyond recognition认不出来;

beyond belief 难以置信; 

beyond description 无法用言语表达;

beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解


97. by birth 在血统上;

at birth 诞生,出生;

give birth to 生(产)


98. bit by bit 一点点地;

do one's bit 尽某人一份力;

quite a bit 相当多

not a bit 一点也不;

not a little 很,非常

99. be black and blue 遍体鳞伤的


100. bear the blame 受过

lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上


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